The History of Cyber Security

The term cyber crime is all the same as any other kind of crime – there is a culprit and also a victim. For the cyber crime to become successful, it needs the same component of other crime; the motive, the opportunity and the means. When one can view the brief history of cyber crime we could see that the elements for the motive, opportunity and means are few, thus computer crime is less prevalent. Indeed, profit is one of the reasons, but there are some reasons like revenge for cyber crimes like DDoS attacks as well as ego in creating malicious viruses.

However, as the accessibility and connectivity has increased, the means and the opportunity have also increased. Back then, only a few people know how to use computers and there is no reason in assaulting them; the companies during those times weren’t even connected online. Since the internet nowadays is almost everywhere, the means and the opportunity has greatly increased. Now, anyone can use a computer and there are many ways to use them like networking, online gaming, and banking and money transactions

When we look back, cyber criminals were almost always more sophisticated than those individuals who are trying to deter them. And even if companies have IT security, there are only few security professionals and ms information security graduates and much fewer security tools available against threats. Today the story is almost the same, criminals may have grown more dangerous and has many ways to accomplish their dark deeds, but for some reasons the threats they pose have been greatly reduced, compared to as before.

The vulnerability in cyberspace has been greatly reduced thanks to the increased numbers of security professionals and graduates of master’s degree in information security as well as many products and methods that can be used to mitigate threats. All of these can provide better security in the cyberspace for companies.

Another possible reason would be is that the laws against cyber crime have also changed; more cyber criminals are being brought to justice. Cyber crime is treated the same as any crime, any culprits caught are punished and are locked in behind bars. However, there are some skilled criminals who can escape justice from both worlds – the virtual and physical world.

Even if companies will muster all their resources just provide the best IT security by hiring security experts and employing the use of technologies and best methods; the threat of cyber crime is still present. If the criminals are barred in one way, they will still seek other ways of entry. In the past, cyber criminals grew tired of directly attacking hosts and networks, they shifted their attention into other ways like attacking the more vulnerable applications. If the application is blocked, then attackers would target the end users of those companies via phishing, XSS or other attacks targeting the clients. They become the most suitable target because they are unaware of IT security and on how to keep every transaction safe and secure.

Any financial institution with weak IT security will fall prey to cyber criminals in just a matter of seconds, but banks with advanced security will be much more difficult to confront. But that doesn’t stop criminals; they could easily trick the clients and steal their credentials and important information needed for banking transactions. Often times, attackers would send Emails masking as security mails asking to verify important data; once the clients make the mistake of supplying the information then his account will be compromised. Employees of companies can also fall victim to the same method. Emails, phone inquiries and other techniques are used just to get the necessary data that can be used to penetrate the systems of the company. We can simply put it this way; the surest way to go through security is have someone else’s login ID as well as password.

Sometimes, the most common reason why individuals fall prey to these vile criminals is their ignorance. Some of these individuals are still making use of computers with ancient operating systems which are more prone to cyber attacks. They didn’t know that computers are not like appliances and that they needed to be updated from time to time.

The ware against cyber crime is still not won. And each side is getting better and better as years go by. Many security experts and master’s degree information security graduates would agree with this statement, “It is much better to protect the individuals and company’s information network rather being the cause of their downfall.”

EC-Council University is a licensed university that offers degrees and master’s degrees on Security Science online. The degrees are recognized worldwide and may be used in any employment worldwide as well as the graduate certificates that they offer. With excellence and dedication as the core values, many professionals and degree holders have benefited from undergoing the programs in this university.

More information about master’s degrees in information security available at www.eccuni.us.

It’s a Matter of Privacy

Everyday people make compromises to their privacy and some of us do not have as much privacy as we really want. You may not be a celebrity, but the moment you woke up in the morning your privacy could be compromised. Why? It is because some Android Phones have GPS enabled on the phone so any of the widgets installed on it could possibly know your geo location.

A recent study from master’s degree in information security experts have reviewed 30 regular phone widgets and half of them are gathering the user’s geo location information and sending it to advertising servers. Seven of those send phone identifier info’s – phone number and the SIM card’s serial number to the developers.

Unlike the widgets of Android Phones,Foursquare application of other phones doesn’t track the location of the person all the time. The person must update his location; personally checking in. However, this doesn’t mean that another person cannot use the same system to check on other persons.

Even some cars could be used to track you down. For example the OnStar system of recent car models, which can track the cars geo location anytime and anywhere. It also gathers diagnostic information such as the speed of the vehicle. That information was shared to authorities, credit card companies and others. It may sound agreeable, but it could be used by others who have other plans in their mind.

As a person drives downtown, he or she could be monitored by traffic light cameras. Although, one could be photographed only when beating the red light; the idea of cameras monitoring you while driving isn’t exactly heartwarming. In parking garage, there are cameras mounted above each ticket dispensers and from that distance and angle, the camera could capture clear images of the license plate as well as the face of the person.

When it comes to free internet access on establishments with wireless networks, a person could be at risk with wireshark or perhaps fireshark. Any person who has vile intent can use the wireshark to sniff any wireless packets and steal cookies or any other information. For example, if a person logs into his or her Facebook, they can steal the person’s authentication cookies and use the person’s Facebook account –impersonating the person.

Facial recognition technologies could be a heaven for stalkers.  For example, the Augmented ID system makes it possible for a person to capture a photo of someone using the phone. The application will then search its database for any matching face. This software will then identify the person and their social accounts using their pictures only.

A person doesn’t need to become a master’s degree information security expert just to understand the danger of credit card purchases to the privacy of an individual. In some purchases using credit cards, store clerks will ask for the person’s zip code. Together with the credit card information and the name and address, anyone could easily use the information to target the person. There are others who shop at grocery stores using credit cards; when paying for the purchase, the person has to put their fingers on the fingerprint reader to register that data together with the credit card info on the stores database. Thus the store will have all the records regarding the purchase, name and address of the person aside from credit card details.

A person could be tracked using Facebook with the location services offered by the social network. If left by default, anyone could know where the person has been; where he or she is now or where he or she is going. This geo location is completely voluntary just like Foursquare. The person has control over it; he or she can define who can access and view the information. If a person will leave his or her viewable information public, then he or she is saying that I am willing to be followed or stalked all the time.

Some privacy concerns can be small while some can be larger; it is a matter of personal preference.The concern of every ms in information security expert is that most people are unknowingly making compromises on their own privacy. In fact, some are losing their prized privacy everyday.

EC-Council University is a licensed university that offers degrees and master’s degrees on Security Science online. The degrees are recognized worldwide and may be used in any employment worldwide as well as the graduate certificates that they offer. With excellence and dedication as the core values, many professionals and degree holders have benefited from undergoing the programs in this university.

More information about master’s degrees in information security available at www.eccuni.us